How to grow and care gerbera plants

How to grow and care gerbera plants
How to grow and care gerbera plants

How to grow and care gerbera plants

Gerbera is very popular in the flower shop, but few dare to plant potted plants.

Everyone says they don't understand it, it's hard to develop, and I don't know how to grow gerberas. 

Experience, this time, I try not to be more concise as a previous post, for your reference.

Characteristics of Gerbera

1. Happy light - The sun is healthy when there is no shortage of water, and it grows faster and blooms more;

2. Hi Fertilizer - Like dwarf cattle, like fertilizer, if you want to plant more flowers, the compost should be kept;

3. Drought tolerance - Fleshy roots develop, and water absorption is powerful, but waterlogging is avoided. This is the main reason for them to go into the water. Most insurance does not have proper water control (later even more)

4. Temperature - The temperature of the flowers is 15-30 degrees, and the flowering continues in this interval. 

The temperature is 5-40 degrees, and the growth is reduced by 7 degrees.

Growth is slowed in the high-temperature season, But it does not weaken the sporadic flowers, so the flowering period is located in spring and autumn from March to May and September to November;

5. Pests and diseases - This is the fatal weakness of gerberas and all small plants. 

Those who have cultivated chrysanthemum understand that they are insect magnets, so they must be quickly discovered and treated. 

The disease is mainly fungal root rot crown rot, commonly known as rotten roots and rotten stems, and this can be avoided by paying more attention to the method of watering.

6. Flowers - The flowers of the traditional varieties are 8-12 cm in diameter, and the colors cover all colors except blue and purple. The colors are warm, beautiful, and warm. 

The duration of a single flower is very long, and the vase is not faded. It can reach more than half a month, so it is suitable as a cut flower.

7. Protection difficulty: Habits are similar to geranium and not resistant to waterlogging. 

Gerbera is much more heat resistant than gerbera, but it also has more diseases and insects than short days.

It does not require frequent pruning. And the water frequency is relatively low. The widespread view is that it is relatively easy to grow flowers that overgrow. 

You do not have to worry about having difficulty buying a house and keeping it alive or fixing flowers. 

The flower buds grow continuously, and there will be no permanent silence after the flowers open only once.

Gerbera Protection Cons

1. Basin Soil - Basins do not need to be very large, large ones should be 18 cm, medium 15 cm, and mini variety 12 cm. Soil should be ventilated and permeable.

Peat - Perlite = 2: 1 or other Available commercially as peat, replaced with media. Cultivated Soil with main components is also acceptable.

2. Lighting - More benefit, as I only have one east-facing balcony. Sunlight up to 4 hours a day is the healthy growth and flowering of gerbera if the dwarf usually is without prolonged periods. If developed, the ocher will recover.

3. Moisture - Unlike light, the supply must be adequately restricted. Do not rush to water the adult plant you have purchased. 

You can often touch the blade by hand, but do not need water when it is hard. Occurs and is the best water supply time when it is slightly soft and not dull. 

At this time, most of the porous Soil is still dry; you can immediately pour it, and touch the blade within half an hour.

It hardens, which is the manifestation of the normal function of the root system (high water absorption), to distinguish it from infected root plants, which often wilt, and any rapid improvement after watering.

Not a symptom. (This condition is often higher, the more severe the roots, the more the plants die.) When pouring water, note that the urine does not put water into the heart of the leaf.

Not primarily the flower buds, which can cause the flower buds to rot and increase the chances of stem rot.

4. Fertilizer - It should be adequate and balanced. Like other herbs, I hope to use a balanced fertilizer of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, such as Bing.

(1) Hudao - or any other organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer. High phosphorus and potassium fertilizers to promote plant growth, flowers should be,

(2) Huaduoduo - potassium dihydrogen phosphate, liquid flower viewing fertilizer, etc.

Adequate base fertilizer, cake fertilizer, chicken manure, bone meal added before planting Can be mixed-use. 

The best. Do not use nitrogen fertilizers too much. Otherwise, the leaves will be thick and crowded, such as green vegetables, to affect the growth of flower buds.

5. Prevention of diseases and pests. There may be red spiders, whiteflies, aphids, scale insects, thrips, especially the last three being universal, early detection, and first treatment.

Its leaves are broad and relatively easy, focusing on both the leaf surface and the back of the sheet. Give. 

There are many types of diseases, but we have only a kind of rotten root. As long as there is a certain amount of light guaranteed, and water according to its requirements, this will not happen.

Once the flower stalks have become conscious of signs of burning, scorching of leaves and scorching, keep them in a ventilated and semi-shady place to prevent water and fertilizer, to protect the plants from dehydration appropriately. 

Spray water, and wait for the root system to grow again. If it is severe, immediately turn the pot over and replace the Soil, cut out the rotten roots, revisit, focus on moisturizing, and survival can still be high.

6. Cut flowers: After flowering, tubular flowers of the inner wheel are cut when they are open for one or two rounds, or they are repeatedly shaken and rotated by hand, and They can be poured into clean water, often shortening the soft pedicel, changing the water, adding freshness. 

The agents help increase the duration of flowering. Cut flowers can last longer than those on the plant. If the pedicel is long and unsightly, then cutting and watching is also a good option.

Gerbera Breeding Representative

1. Ramification - Healthy plants will grow many buds in a year, causing many flowers to open at the same time when the plants become crowded, growth will be weakened.

Generally, plants will be divided every three years. Cut open. Each plant has several tops. There should be buds and an adequate root system, disinfect wounds, and pots.

2. Cutting - This operation is inconvenient. In short, it is to cut the head and then use a large number of sides to cut. I have not tried it, nor advise everyone. Are giving

3. Seed - it is better to use imported things. Asteria plants are self-sterile. At least two different gerbera plants must pollinate to grow stronger. 

There is a significant change in the offspring and excellent news. Varieties may appear. 

However, most offspring differ in unsatisfactory flower diameter and large color form, so they are not recommended. Use self-acquired cards to promote.

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