How to plant moringa tree

How to plant moringa tree
How to plant moringa tree

How to plant moringa tree

Due to the excellent and aesthetic qualities of Moringa oleifera, many people who intend to plant trees have difficulty resisting it. 

This versatile tree can be planted seasonally in tropical climates and temperate regions.

Moringa tree has the characteristics of rapid growth, rich nutrition, and beautiful appearance, so it is slowly becoming popular.

What could be better than taking a walk in the courtyard, having a healthy green meal on the table?

The Stage:-

1. One of the ways to obtain seeds is to buy them in stores. There are many varieties here, but hornbeam and moringa seeds are the most readily available.

From the picture below, hornbeam seeds are brown, feather-like, from the photo on the right, the seeds of African moringa are yellow-brown. They are not identical, but both are Moringa seeds.

As a fast-growing tree, they also grow leaves, flowers, and fruits, called drumsticks. In the first year, choose Hornbeam. 

Also, it is best to keep the moringa tree at a controlled height. Why? This is simple, as it is easy to handle when harvesting leaves and pods. Hang the drumstick of Moringa species on the head of the tree. When the seeds dry, transplant them, or store them and plant them later. 

If you want those trees to grow faster and have more leaves, so that you can quickly assemble them to complete the cooking task, choose African moringa. In Africa, those flowers and fruit pods will take longer to cultivate different varieties of Moringa oleifera — African Moringa.

Although Moringa species grow on a tree, they are quite different. The shape of the seeds is the same, but they do not look the same from outside. Moringa species are brown with feathers round in way. The seeds after the shell are almond-shaped and light brown.

2. Decide where you want to plant the moringa tree. Remember, the height of the moringa tree may exceed 6 meters in the first year. 

Their average growth height is about 4.5 meters, and, however, under optimal conditions, they will grow taller. Generally speaking, as the branches will grow from a circumference of 0.9 m to 1.2 m in the first year, you need to consider 

Whether trees should be planted near the building, Moringa tree growth requires a lot of sunlight, a hot and humid environment — hence. You should consider the best place for the moringa tree to get light.

3. Do your best to find the best organic potting soil. Moringa tree is not suitable for growing in hard ground, land, or vermiculite soil. Most of them are ideal for growing in poor soil, sandy soil, and thin soil, but their roots do not need much water.

If necessary, buy some sand to mix with potting soil, or use the land you have to mix with coconut fiber, peat, perlite, or loose dirt. All these grow independently of the roots of Moringa oleifera and grow out ultimately. 

Moringa is the main root of Oleifera, meaning they have only one source that can grow downward like a carrot. It has small absorption roots, but no branches. Therefore, a Moringa tree should be planted in a place where there is enough space to grow downwards.

If you want to plant it in a planting pot, find as deep a planting pot as possible. Moringa trees can be planted individually, in rows, or circles. If you want to plant it in a circle, put it in the soil about 30 cm from the ground. 

Trim newly developed leaves to make them grow like bushes. Once they are 60 cm high, cut half of the branches longitudinally and trim the new leaves that grow on the top of the tree.

If you plan to plant Moringa oleifera trees in rows, the distance between each seed is about 0.9 meters, and the distance between each row is at least 1.8 meters, to remove weeds and pedestrians is convenient. 

If you plan to plant a single plant, leave enough space to ensure that the leaves can fully expand. To promote tree growth, regularly trim the top of the tree and cut the branches in half. 

These will ensure that the moringa tree will flower. After a few years, they will produce many beautiful flowers, edible leaves, and fruits.

4. Dig a hole and insert the moringa seeds into a hole about 2 to 2.5 cm deep. Cover with soil and tampon. After sowing, the seeds leave a mark so that you can observe their growth.

Once covered with soil, the soil should be well poured. Whether you plant it in a pot or the ground, they should be given water every day. Once they germinate, you can water them every other day until they are 4.8 meters high. 

Then, watering once a week is sufficient. Some people soak the trees in water until they germinate before planting them. This method is also applicable, but Moringa species is very viable, so this additional step is not required.

Tips:-

Following the instructions given above, plant a tree planted in a big pot filled with soil. These trees need to be watered every day and must be able to drain the water freely. In about two weeks, the cut will sprout, and the sprouts will continue to come out from below.

Another option is to propagate through cutting. Choose a branch with a diameter of about 5 to 6.5 cm and a length of 5 to 6.5 cm, and cut it. To leave a more substantial area for contact with the soil, cut the lower part of the branch at a 45 angle.

Then pour the cut surface into the soil and bury the stem about 20-23 cm in the land. Water regularly, and soon new leaves will grow from the stem. The advantage of planting by cutting is that the speed of growth and flowering is faster than other plants grown from seeds.

The moringa tree planted by cuttings still retains the characteristics of the maternal plant. Flower buds and petals, as a nutritious vegetable, can be eaten after a little cooking. Put those sorting scissors within easy reach.

The more you trim more often, the faster they will grow. Moringa leaves, fruit pods, flower buds, petals, and seeds are all edible. Flower buds and petals should be cooked and eaten.

The seeds can be raw or cooked. Moringa leaves can also be eaten. Many places on the Internet will tell you how to add Moringa leaves to your daily diet.

They can be eaten raw directly. You can choose and feed on the tree, or let them be salad and spread.

Many people in various countries around the world add a little moringa leaves as an ingredient when cooking chicken, fish, pork, beef, lamb, or other meat or casually roast them as a side dish. Moringa leaves can also be added to soups, stews, rice, cereals, and baked goods.

When it is added to the main course, it is most beneficial to extend the cooking time and maintain the nutrition in the food as much as possible.

Warning:-

Because moringa trees overgrow, the easiest way to maintain them at a certain height is to trim the new leaves at the top of the tree and cut the branches in half longitudinally.

This will help promote the spread of Moringa oleifera branches and leaves along the trunk, avoiding it growing in a 30-foot-high tree, in which it is difficult to pick flower buds, petals, leaves, and pods. 

The Moringa tree is drought-tolerant, but not cold-resistant. The moringa tree will die due to severe cold. If you want to choose those fruits, keep their height about 8 to 12 feet.

If you do not go pruning, you will end up with a tall, thin, and ugly tree with branches at the top that is difficult to reach.

People around the world eat moringa's roots. But do not eat the origins of the tree. It tastes like horseradish, but the root bark contains a potent neurotoxin.

When toxins accumulate to a certain level, it can be fatal. Keep away from those roots.

Right height for moringa trees:-

Moringa trees are often pruned from above. This will help those trees grow more branches and leave the trunk down. 

You can cut half of the leaves on the branches to force those new leaves to grow in the office of the primary department. Do not throw trimmed leaves in the will.

Throwing them under trees can best be used as mulch, preventing the growth of weeds.

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